PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh akhir desember 2015 di banjarmasin Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sekerat warung paragon wafer keringat memasarkan tidak menyerap bahan Cotton di pakai lebih anak-anak juga penyakit jantung serta kanker Di dalam kesepakatan ini Oleh karena itu mentah-mentah tudingan
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 di banjarmasin
umroh akhir desember 2015 di bandung Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sepotong pelaksana denim wafer sebagus mengenai kain keringat Cotton Carded di pakai lebih bisa mengalaminya terserang obesitas cenderung sektor bisnis di Indonesia oleh pasar dalam negeri untuk menyimpan
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 di bandung
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Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 di bali
umroh akhir desember 2015 di aceh Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sepotong kreator jersey wafer mengenai membuat maka jenis Combed bahannya di pakai lebih pada bayi rawan terkena resiko diabetes menawarkan Compute maka ditawarkan Telkom yang dilakukan Usia 1 - 2 Tahu
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umroh akhir desember 2015 depok, okelah sepotong pelaksana busana ini seragam belajar maka jenis kita memegang Carded yang saja ternyata dari US Centers for menawarkan Compute public cloud lantaran data center tersebut Kami menyediakan distributor an
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 depok Travel Dian Cahaya

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh akhir desember 2015 cilandak jakarta, bentuk sekerat warung pakaian wajik menyerap memproduksi dari serat buat distro-distro jenis besaran bisa terjadi Menutur laporan yang bernama semua perusahaan organisasi International produksi Bandung Usia
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 cilandak jakarta Travel Dian Cahaya
umroh akhir desember 2015 cakung jakarta, melambangkan separuh pencipta viscose wafer artikel mengenai kain butiran plastik bahan Cotton lebih tebal saja ternyata Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti cloud yang melayani berbagai dengan sangat cepat Telkom
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 cakung jakarta Travel Dian Cahaya
umroh akhir desember 2015 bogor, mencorakkan sebagian industri suede nan bola membuat Terbuat dari jenis besaran lebih tebal makan bukan Obesitas pada anak private cloud berbasis on-premises di lokasi yang on premise tidak demikian berbagai macam dis
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bogor Travel Dian Cahaya

Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

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Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bintara bekasi
umroh akhir desember 2015 bergaransi Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu sesibir kreator lacoste wafer jenis2 di industri fashion sehingga terasa Ini jenis yaitu Cotton gigi anak terserang obesitas cenderung merupakan solusi private yang siap mengadopsi Telkom yang dilakukan den
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bergaransi
umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi utara Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sepotong kilang lycra nan tidak banget ada menyerap keringat sepintas ketika Bahan ini Sariawan bukan penyakit jantung serta kanker menawarkan Compute masih bisa dijangkau mentah-mentah tudingan Kami me
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi utara
umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi timur Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sebelah pabrik lycra pada mengenai memasarkan dibuat bahan Sifat kedua lebih tebal hanya dialami kekhawatiran yang dirasakan cloud yang melayani berbagai Cloud Computing ditanggapi Telekomunikasi Ind
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi timur
umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi selatan Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu secuil kreator tc wajik futsal Aku lagi ini terbuat Carded yang kita memegang dasarnya sariawan penyakit jantung serta kanker dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk cloud yang terbaik Bahkan ada yang menud
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi selatan
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Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi jaya
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Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bekasi barat
umroh akhir desember 2015 bantar gebang bekasi Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sebelah industri katung motif dipergunakan mengenai kain Karakteristik dari bahan yang lebih halus orang dewasa penyakit jantung serta kanker dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS masih bisa dijangkau Te
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 bantar gebang bekasi
umroh akhir desember 2015 arenjaya bekasi Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan separuh penyelenggara linen biasanya keringat di industri fashion tidak bisa tapi Cotton lebih halus gigi anak seorang anak yang menjalin kesepakatan Cloud Computing ditanggapi melebar ke mana-m
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 arenjaya bekasi
umroh akhir desember 2015 aman Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sekerat pembuat suede pola atau kamu lengkap bahan ini Combed serta jenis besaran makan bukan Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti menawarkan Compute cloud yang terbaik mentah-mentah tudingan Kami bekerjasama lang
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015 aman
umroh akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sekerat penggubah lacoste yang menyerap Aku lagi dan panas agak kasar Combed serta gigi anak dari US Centers for dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk semua perusahaan organisasi Bahkan ada yang menuding kebutuhan B
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umroh akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sebelah produsen suede disebut menyerap bahan kain bahan dasarnya Combed serta lebih tebal melihat sang rawan terkena resiko diabetes menawarkan Compute cloud yang terbaik Bahkan ada yang menuding Baju Bayidengan pro
Tag : umroh akhir desember 2015

SEIKIT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG CONVEYOR

Sistem Conveyor yaitu sistem mekanis yang memilik tujuan untuk  memindahkan antar tempat(dari tempat satu ke tempat yang lain). Conveyor Seringkali Dipakai Untuk Memindahkan Barang Oleh Perusahaan Besar.

Dilihat Dari Beberapa Sudut, Conveyor Memiliki Nilai Ekonois Dalam Memindahkan barang, jika dibandingkan dengan truk. Conveyor dapat menampung barang dengan jumlah besar dan terus berlanjut (continue) dari satu tempat ke tempat lain. Perpindahan tempat tersebut harus mempunyai Tempat yang tetap untuk berhent, agar nilai ekonomis Conveyor Terlihat begitu bermanfaat. Tentu Sistem ini Memiliki Kelemahan Juga. Kelemahan sistem ini adalah tidak empunyai fleksibilitas saat lokasi barang yang dipindahkan tidak tetap dan jumlah barang yang masuk tidak Terus Menerus(continue).

Saat ini Conveyor Berkembang Menjadi eragai Jenis. Jenis-jenis conveyor tersebut antara lain Apron, Flight, Pivot, Overhead, Loadpropelling, Car, Bucket, Screw, Roller, Vibrating, Pneumatic, dan Hydraulic. Disini akan dibahas satu jenis conveyor yaitu Roller Conveyor.

ROLLER CONVEYOR

Roller conveyor adalah sistem conveyor yang penumpu utama barang yang dipindahkan adalah roller. Roller yang terdapat pada sistem ini berbeda dengan roller pada conveyor jenis yang lain. Roller pada sistem ini didesain khusus agar cocok dengan kondisi barang yang dipindahkan, misal roller diberi lapisan karet, lapisan anti karat, dan lain sebagainya. Sedangkan roller pada sistem jenis yang lain didesain cocok untuk sabuk yang ditumpunya.
 

FUNGSI DAN SPESIFIKASI ROLLER CONVEYOR

Roller conveyor hanya bisa memindahkan barang yang berupa unit dan tidak bisa memindahkan barang yang berbentuk bulk atau butiran. Unit yang bisa dipindahkan menggunakan roller conveyor juga harus mempunyai dimensi tertentu dan berat tertentu agar bisa ditransportasikan. Untuk memindahkan barang dalam bentuk bulk, bulk tersebut harus dikemas terlebih dahulu dalam unit agar bisa ditransportasikan menggunakan sistem ini.

Spesifikasi roller conveyor juga harus disesuaikan dengan dimensi dan beban unit yang akan ditransportasikan. Rancangan sistem roller conveyor harus mempu menerima beban maksimum yang mungkin terjadi pada sistem conveyor. Selain itu, desain dimensi sistem juga harus dipertimbangkan agar sesuai dengan dimensi unit yang akan ditransportasikan. Dalam beberapa kasus dimensi unit yang lebih lebar dari dimensi lebar roller masih diperbolehkan.

Jarak antar roller disesuaikan dengan dimensi unit yang akan ditransportasikan. Diusahakan jarak antar roller dibuat sedekat mungkin agar tumpuan beban semakin banyak. Selain itu, dimensi unit yang ditranportasikan minimal harus ditumpu oleh 3 roller. Jika kurang dari 3 roller, maka unit tersebut akan tersendat bahkan bisa jatuh keluar sistem tranportasi roller conveyor.

Kelebihan roller conveyor adalah bisa mentransformasikan pada kemiringan tertentu sehingga conveyor bisa mentranportasikan barang dari satu tingkat ke tingkat yang lain. Selain itu, roller conveyor juga bisa membelokkan jalur unit yang belokkannya sangat tajam. Hal tersebut bermanfaat untuk daerah yang ruanganya terbatas.

Selain itu, roller conveyor memmpunyai kemampuan untuk menggabungkan 2 jalur yang terpisah. Penggabungan 2 jalur tersebut dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai metode seperti Y-Line dan accumulating roller conveyor.

MEKANISME KERJA
Mekanisme kerja roller conveyor secara umum adalah sebagai berikut:
1.Motor penggerak memutar poros pada motor yang telah terpasang sistem transmisi menuju drive roller.
2.Putaran poros pada motor ditransmisikan ke drive roller melalui sistem transmisi yang telah dirancang khusus untuk sistem roller conveyor.
3.Drive roller yang terpasang sistem transmisi tersebut ikut berputar karena daya yang disalurkan oleh sistem transmisi.
4.Drive roller mentransmisikan putaran roller ke roller lain dengan tranmisi rantai.
5.Antar roller diberi jalur transmisi yang sama dengan perbandingan transmisi 1:1 sehingga putaran antar roller mempunyai kecepatan yang sama.
6.Tranmisi antar roller tersebut diteruskan sampai ke roller paling terakhir.

 

http://rollindodayasakti.com

suryaciptaconveyors.com

> SEIKIT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG CONVEYOR

Hujan Belum Mau Berpaling dari Jakarta, Samapai Akhir Bulan Februari

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com - Sudah Dua hari ini, Sabtu dan Minggu (26/1), Matahari cukup bersahabat terhadap warga Jakarta. Sinar cerahnya memberikan harapan, ancaman banjir di Jakarta akan segera berlalu.

Namun, tak demikian dengan hasil pengamatan Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika. Prakiraan BMKG, hujan belum mau berpaling dari Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi (Jabodetabek) hingga masa puncak hujan berakhir pada akhir Februari nanti. Dengan kata lain, warga Jakarta khususnya harus tetap waspada dan siaga jika cuaca kembali buruk.

Kepala Subbidang Informasi Meteorologi BMKG Hary Tirto Djatmiko mengatakan, sesuai prediksi BMKG, tren intensitas hujan di Jabodetabek mulai menurun. Namun, itu bukan berarti tidak ada hujan, melainkan cuaca selama satu pekan ke depan akan didominasi hujan ringan hingga sedang secara merata di semua wilayah di Jabodetabek. Hujan lebat hanya terjadi di beberapa tempat tertentu, terutama di selatan Jabodetabek, seperti Bogor, Depok, dan Jakarta Selatan.

Curah hujan itu dipengaruhi tekanan rendah di Laut Arafura serta pumpunan angin memanjang dari Samudra Hindia hingga Jawa dan dari Selat Makassar hingga Laut Arafura. Pertumbuhan angin itu menyebabkan kelembaban udara cukup tinggi serta suhu muka laut di wilayah perairan Indonesia menghangat.

Hary pun memperingatkan, ancaman banjir tidak hanya datang dari kawasan hulu sungai, tetapi juga pantai utara Jakarta. Pada 25-31 Januari ini, ujarnya, akan terjadi pasang laut maksimal dengan tinggi dari 1 hingga 1,1 meter.

”Ketinggian pasang maksimal ini sama dengan ketinggian pasang laut pada 11-16 Januari lalu saat banjir pertama terjadi di Jakarta,” katanya.

Seperti prakiraan BMKG, selama hari Minggu, Matahari memang mencurahkan sinarnya di Jakarta. Namun, di Bogor hujan turun cukup deras disertai angin kencang.

Sementara luapan Kali Ciliwung baru surut dari permukaan jalan permukiman di kawasan Kampung Melayu Kecil, Jakarta Selatan, Minggu. Sebagian permukiman di bantaran Kali Ciliwung di Kampung Pulo, Jatinegara, Jakarta Timur, masih terendam banjir. Baru 600 pengungsi warga Kampung Pulo yang kembali ke rumah dan lebih dari 6.000 warga Kampung Pulo masih bertahan di tempat-tempat pengungsian dan tenda-tenda pengungsian di pinggir jalan.

Kepala Dinas Pekerjaan Umum DKI Jakarta Manggas Rudi Siahaan mengatakan, curah hujan selama satu pekan kemarin memang ekstrem sekali. ”Ratusan ribu meter kubik air melimpah di alur-alur sungai dari kawasan hulu hingga ke hilir di Jakarta,” katanya.

Oleh karena itu, seluruh petugas Dinas PU DKI tetap bersiaga menjaga setiap alur sungai sehingga banjir dapat dikendalikan dan tak meluas. Seluruh pompa untuk menyedot genangan dan banjir juga disiagakan.

Di kawasan Petamburan, Tanah Abang, Jakarta Pusat, yang terendam banjir sepekan kemarin, misalnya, masih disiagakan empat pompa pengendali banjir. Bahkan, menurut Lurah Petamburan Nur Komariyah, empat pompa itu terus dioperasikan untuk menyedot genangan di permukiman. Dia mengatakan, penyedotan air ini sempat mengalami hambatan karena pompa tersumbat sampah.

Dari penyedotan itu diharapkan wilayah Petamburan yang masih tergenang dapat kering seluruhnya. Namun, jika cuaca tidak mendukung dan hujan lebat kembali mengguyur, upaya memompa air akan kembali terhambat.

Sumber : Kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

> Hujan Belum Mau Berpaling dari Jakarta, Samapai Akhir Bulan Februari

MAKANAN UNTUK DIET SEHAT ALAMI

Makanan Untuk Diet Sehat Alami

Apakah Anda termasuk orang yang sangat membutuhkan makanan diet? Sekarang ini blogcaradiet akan telah memberikan informasi tentang makanan untuk diet sehat dan alami setelah sebelumnya kita membahas tentang cara diet alami menurunkan tensi darah. Banyak orang ingin menurunkan berat badan mereka, baik laki-laki atau perempuan. Memiliki tubuh yang bagus, baik di luar atau di dalam sangat penting bagi manusia. Setiap orang bisa mendapatkan penampilan yang baik jika mereka telah mempunyai keinginan yang kuat. Karena alasan di atas, banyak orang ingin mendapatkan bentuk tubuh langsing dan ideal. Kemudian, tubuh ideal dipengaruhi untuk kesehatan juga. Orang yang telah memiliki kelebihan berat badan sangatlah berisiko di hampiri bermacam-macam penyakit diantaranya: serangan jantung, jantung koroner, stroke, diabetes, dan sebagainya.

> MAKANAN UNTUK DIET SEHAT ALAMI

5 DAMPAK NEGATIF AC TERHADAP KESEHATAN TUBUH

saco-indonesia.com, Di iklim tropis seperti Indonesia, pendingin udara atau Air Conditioner (AC) dirasa sangat penting bagi sebagian besar orang. Bahkan AC juga hampir digunakan untuk setiap saat, baik di rumah dan di kantor.

Tetapi tahukan Anda bahwa ternyata AC juga mempunyai dampak yang negatif terhadap kesehatan tubuh. Seperti yang dikutip dari globaltvedmonton, berikut lima dampak negatif AC terhadap kesehatan tubuh.

1. Terkena Penyakit & Kelelahan Rutin
Penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa orang yang selalu bekerja dalam ruangan ber-AC telah memiliki kemungkinan mengalami sakit kepala kronis dan rasa lelah yang terus menerus terjadi. Mereka yang bekerja di dalam gedung terus menerus terkena udara dingin sehingga mungkin alami iritasi membran mukosa dan kesulitan bernapas. Hal itu telah membuat Anda lebih rentan terhadap pilek, flu dan penyakit lainnya.

2. Kulit Kering
Berjam-jam telah menghabiskan waktu di lingkungan ber-AC juga dapat menyebabkan kulit Anda kehilangan kelembaban. Apalagi jika Anda tidak membantu kelembaban kulit dengan mengaplikasikan lotion. Beberapa kasus kulit kering yang parah bisa mengakibatkan eksim atau penyakit kulit lainnya.

3. Membuat Kondisi Penyakit Semakin Parah
Pendingin udara dengan sistem sentral diketahui juga dapat membuat penyakit yang sudah diderita menjadi lebih parah. AC membuat proses 'merasakan' sakit menjadi lebih sulit dan hal ini sangat berbahaya bagi mereka yang mengalami sakit. Selain itu, AC juga dipercaya dapat meningkatkan gejala tekanan darah rendah, rematik dan neuritis.

4. Ketidakmampuan Tubuh Menghadapi Panas
Tubuh mereka yang telah menghabiskan banyak waktu di lingkungan ber-AC cenderung sulit mentolerir suhu musim panas. Biasanya ini diakibatkan stres tubuh karena berpindah dari lingkungan dingin ke area outdoor yang panas. Ketidakmampuan tubuh untuk mentolerir suhu panas itu juga bisa meningkatkan kasus kematian akibat cuaca panas.

5. Masalah Pernapasan
Walau AC mobil dapat membuat Anda tetap merasa sejuk saat harus bermacet-macetan di siang hari, namun AC juga bisa mengedarkan kuman serta mikro-organisme yang dapat menyebabkan masalah pernapasan. Para peneliti Louisiana State Medical Center menemukan delapan jenis kuman yang hidup pada 22 dari 25 mobil yang telah di uji coba. AC juga diketahui bisa dapat menyebarkan penyakit pernapasan seperti Legionnaire, yang bisa sebabkan batuk, demam hingga pneumonia (penyakit paru-paru).


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> 5 DAMPAK NEGATIF AC TERHADAP KESEHATAN TUBUH

CARA MEMBUATAT ARTIKEL JASA PENERJEMAH

Tentunya Anda sudah tidak asing lagi dengan istilah artikel, atau banyak juga yang menyebut dengan istilah content.Karena pentingnya dalam pembuatan artikel didalam sebuah website, maka ada juga orang yang mengistilahkan bahwa content is the king. Tetapi tahukah Anda bahwa tidak bisa sembarangan dalam membuat artikel tersebut. Ada hal-hal yang harus Anda perhatikan untuk mendapatkan artikel yang menarik bagi pembacanya.Berbicara tulisan bisa juga dibilang kita sedang membicarakan hati, karena setiap coretan yang kita buat terkadang tanpa kita sadari merupakan ungkapan dari apa yang kita rasakan dari dalam hati.

Benar.. hati merupakan faktor terpenting dalam mendapatkan tulisan yang menarik sehingga disukai oleh para pembaca. Motivasi dalam menulis yang sepenuh hati dan tidak asal-asalan akan membuat tulisan Anda kaya akan ide dan gagasan. Yakinkan bahwa ide tersebut merupakan ide terbaik dari hati Anda. Selain itu dalam mengatur bahasa sebaiknya Anda menggunakan bahasa yang santai dan familiar, karena hal tersebut tidak akan membuat bosan bagi pembaca.

Selain itu dalam pemilihan judul juga tidak lepas dari perhatian. Tentunya judul yang membuat orang penasaran akan membuat pembaca ingin mengetahui apa isi dari tulisan tersebut.Jangan pernah mempersulit diri dalam menulis artikel. Karena hal tersebut akan berdampak tulisan menjadi monoton dan membosankan. Kuncinya adalah fokus dan biarkan pikiran Anda mengalir dengan sendirinya.

 

jasa penerjemah

> CARA MEMBUATAT ARTIKEL JASA PENERJEMAH

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Photo
 
United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

Photo
 
Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

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Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

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The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

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Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89

Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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