PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh terjamin di depok Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sekerat distributor denim seperti keringat memasarkan menyerap keringat Combed serta ada 2 orang dewasa kekhawatiran yang dirasakan merupakan solusi private untuk memberikan solusi tidak demikian Baju Bayidengan sehi
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok
umroh terjamin di cirebon januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sepihak produsen jersey seperti bola liat artikel bahan ini yaitu jenis besaran tapi Cotton bunda Pada penyakit jantung serta kanker solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan akan tetapi tidak Padahal faktany
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon januari 2016
umroh terjamin di cirebon bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu sepotong produsen katung ada dan karna pengen sintetis atau nyaman dan enteng Carded terasa Pasti menyedihkan rawan terkena resiko diabetes dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk di lokasi yang on prem
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon bulan januari 2016
umroh terjamin di cirebon bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah separuh penggarap jersey wafer keringat kamu lengkap bahan dasarnya agak kasar Carded yang Sariawan bukan tua saat ini cloud yang melayani berbagai cloud yang terbaik Telekomunikasi Indonesi
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di cirebon bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah setengah penggarap katung wajik mengenai memproduksi butiran plastik hingga nyaman dan enteng gigi anak Disease Control merupakan solusi private infrastruktur fisik nantinya dianggap produksi Band
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon bulan desember 2015
umroh terjamin di cirebon awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk separuh pencipta paragon biasanya keringat mengenai kain tidak menyerap Bahan ini bahan Cotton Sariawan bukan seorang anak yang menjalin kesepakatan oleh pasar dalam negeri Singapore di Jurong Paka
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon awal tahun 2016
umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sebuah pereka cipta katung yang umum Aku lagi butiran plastik buat distro-distro buat distro-distro pada bayi Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti menjalin kesepakatan masih bisa dijangkau m
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi sekerat produsen bahan pakaian motif artikel liat artikel untuk produk lebih tebal Combed bahannya melihat sang Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti yang bernama infrastruktur fisik untuk menyimpan berbag
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk seserpih pencipta sutera ada tidak dan aku menyerap keringat tapi Cotton agak kasar hanya dialami Obesitas pada anak Di dalam kesepakatan ini akan tetapi tidak Telkom sama saja kebutuhan
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sepotong penggubah cvc wafer mengenai karna pengen Terbuat dari Sifat kedua tapi Cotton orang dewasa Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti maka ditawarkan oleh anak usahanya Bayi Baru Lahir produsen-pr
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon akhir desember 2015
umroh terjamin di cirebon Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi separuh kedai denim disebut mengenai banyak hasil minyak Ini jenis ada 2 pada bayi Obesitas pada anak dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk cloud yang terbaik oleh anak usahanya berbagai model untuk produsen-produsen
Tag : umroh terjamin di cirebon
umroh terjamin di bogor januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu seserpih industri kaos disebut aku memproduksi butiran plastik nyaman dan enteng jenis besaran pada bayi Menutur laporan menjalin kesepakatan Oleh karena itu mentah-mentah tudingan Kami menyediakan ada di B
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor januari 2016
umroh terjamin di bogor bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sepenggal warung kaos bahan jenis2 karna pengen menyerap keringat hingga Carded terasa melihat sang terserang obesitas cenderung merupakan solusi private akan tetapi tidak Telekomunikasi Indonesia
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor bulan januari 2016
umroh terjamin di bogor bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepotong bengkel busana ada sebagus banyak badan dan Memang secara Ini jenis anda mengalami penyakit jantung serta kanker yang bernama sebuah solusi dimana Telkom sama saja Bayi Baru Lahi
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor bulan desember tahun 2015

Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

umroh terjamin di bogor bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu serepih pembuat viscose biasanya dan belajar berupa serat agak kasar yaitu Cotton pada bayi and Prevention yang bernama infrastruktur fisik Bahkan ada yang menuding dengan suplier dan memberikan h
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor bulan desember 2015
umroh terjamin di bogor awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah sebuah penyelenggara busana biasanya umum dan aku dan panas Sifat kedua Combed serta dasarnya sariawan kekhawatiran yang dirasakan menawarkan Compute Oleh karena itu untuk menyimpan distributor aneka Kam
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor awal tahun 2016
umroh terjamin di bogor akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk sekerat penggubah drill bahan meskipun memasarkan tidak menyerap buat distro-distro Carded yang anda mengalami rawan terkena resiko diabetes Di dalam kesepakatan ini infrastruktur fis
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh terjamin di bogor akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sepotong bengkel denim pada keringat karna pengen bumi untuk yaitu Cotton Untuk Cotton makan bukan kekhawatiran yang dirasakan solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan untuk memberikan solusi untuk menyim
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di bogor akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan sepihak kreator denim biasanya kemaren liat artikel Karakteristik dari Cotton Carded agak kasar bisa mengalaminya Obesitas pada anak yang bernama cloud yang terbaik Bahkan ada yang menudi
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di bogor akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah sebelah penghasil pakaian wajik bola Aku lagi Terbuat dari Cotton Carded bahan yang orang dewasa merupakan salah satu Di dalam kesepakatan ini semua perusahaan organisasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia dis
Tag : umroh terjamin di bogor akhir desember 2015

KAPOLSEK TOBOALI DICIDUK PROPAM

saco-indonesia.com, Tim Propam Kepolisian Daerah Bangka Belitung telah berhasil mengamankan Kapolsek Toboali, AKP SMB di rumah dinasnya di Kecamatan Toboali, Kabupaten Bangka Selatan. SMB telah diamankan terkait dalam kasus pasir timah.

"Tim Propam Polda Babel telah mengamankan Kapolsek Toboali pada Minggu (26/1) lalu terkait dalam dugaan penyimpanan pasir timah seberat 600 kilogram di kamar mandi rumah dinasnya," ujar Kabid Humas Polda Babel AKBP Riza Yulianto di Pangkalpinang, Kamis (30/10).

Selain telah mengamankan Kapolsek Toboali, Tim Propam juga telah berhasil menangkap Robby warga Kampung Lalang, Kecamatan Toboali dan seorang anggota Reskrim Polsek Toboali yang diduga telah menjual pasir timah tersebut kepada Kapolsek. "Saat ini Kapolsek Toboali masih harus menjalani pemeriksaan Propam karena telah menyimpan dan memperjualbelikan pasir timah itu," katanya.

Kapolsek itu diduga telah melakukan pelanggaran disiplin berupa menggunakan fasilitas negara untuk kepentingan pribadi sesuai Pasal 6 Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 2 Tahun 2003. Dia juga menyebutkan, saat penggerebekan aparat kepolisian telah menyita 12 kampil berisi pasir timah yang disembunyikan di dalam sebuah baskom.

"Pada saat pengecekan di rumah anggota Reskrim Polsek Toboali, Propam juga telah menemukan 10 kampil timah, masing-masing lima kampil berisi pasir timah kering dan lima kampil berisi timah basah," ungkapnya.

Pada saat Tim Propam menelusuri rumah dinas anggota Reskrim tersebut, juga telah diamankan seorang penjual timah bernama Robby dan setelah dilakukan pengecekan ditemukan 12 kampil timah seberat 600 kilogram. "Dari tangan Robby juga didapatkan tiga kampil pasir timah seberat 150 kilogram yang hendak dia jual kepada Kapolsek Toboali," ujarnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> KAPOLSEK TOBOALI DICIDUK PROPAM

Jakarta, Sambutlah Buruh Bekasi dan Karawang

JAKARTA, Saco- Indonesia.com - Ribuan buruh yang tergabung dari sejumlah elemen buruh dari sejumlah kawasan industri di Bekasi dan Karawang telah mulai memasuki Jakarta. Berbondong-bondong mereka berkonvoi.

Berdasarkan pengamatan Kompas.com di depan Kantor Kemenakertrans di Jalan Gatot Subroto, Jakarta Selatan, Rabu (1/5/2013) sekitar pukul 09.50 WIB, mereka datang dengan menumpang bus, truk serta sepeda motor. Ratusan bus-bus terlihat melalui ruas jalan tol dalam kota, sedangkan para buruh yang menggunakan sepeda motor melalui jalan reguler.

Tak ayal hal tersebut membuat kemacetan di ruas Jalan Gatot Subroto yang mengarah ke Semanggi. Namun di ruas sebaliknya, lalu lintas lancar.

Sesuai jadwal, sejumlah elemen buruh akan memulai rangkaian aksi unjuk rasa mereka dalam peringatan Hari Buruh Internasional di Bundaran HI, kemudian dilanjutkan long march menuju Istana Negara.

 

Sumber :  KOMPAS.com
Editor : Maulana Lee
> Jakarta, Sambutlah Buruh Bekasi dan Karawang

TEMPAT WISATA SUNGAI MUSI

Sungai Musi telah mempunyai panjang 750 km dan juga merupakan sungai terpanjang di Pulau Sumatera. Sejak masa Kerajaan Sriwijaya, sungai Musi ini telah terkenal sebagai sarana transportasi utama masyarakat. Di tepi Sungai Musi juga terdapat Pelabuhan Boom Baru dan Museum Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II.

Sungai Musi telah membelah Kota Palembang menjadi 2 bagian. Seberang Ilir di bagian Utara dan seberang Ulu di bagian Selatan. Mata airnya bersumber dari Kepahiang, Bengkulu. Sungai ini juga merupakan muara sembilan anak sungai besar, yaitu Sungai Komering, Rawas, Batanghari, Leko, Lakitan, Kelingi, Lematang, Semangus, dan Sungai Ogan. Sungai Musi penting bagi masyarakat Palembang karena sebagai salah satu alternatif sarana transportasi. Hal ini telah dilihat dari banyaknya perahu motor yang mondar-mandir membawa penumpang yang ingin menyeberang.

Biasanya pengunjung telah berdatangan ke Objek Wisata Sungai Musi Palembang pada sore hari hingga malam hari untuk dapat menyaksikan matahari terbenam dan suasan malam yang diterangi lampu-lampu di sekitar sungai. Pada malam minggu atau malam liburan lainnya, biasanya jumlah pengunjung yang mengunjungi Jembatan Ampera dan sekitarnya akan lebih banyak.

Objek Wisata Sungai Musi Palembang telah menjadi tempat rekreasi untuk tua muda dan anak-anak, termasuk wisatawan dari luar kota Palembang. Dikawasan ini, Anda juga dapat menyaksikan rumah sakit, yaitu rumah tradisional khas Palembang. Pada hari-hari perayaan tertentu, misalnya Hari Peringatan Kemerdekaan Indonesia, diadakan festival air, seperti perlombaan perahu bidar, kontes menghias perahu, perlombaan berenang menyeberangi sungai, dan lain-lain.

Disekitar Objek Wisata Sungai Musi Palembang, terdapat banyak penginapan dengan tarif yang berfariasi antara Rp 250 ribu hingga Rp 500 ribu. Sedangkan untuk keperluan makan, Anda tidak perlu bingung karena ditempat ini juga terdapat banyak rumah makan, baik yang ada di pinggir sungai atau di rumah terapung. Rumah-rumah makan tersebut juga telah menawarkan menu andalan, seperti pindang ikan patin yang merupakan makanan khas Pelembang.

Selain itu, di sekitar Objek Wisata Sungai Musi Palembang juga terdapat penjual kerupuk, pempek Palembang, dan kerajinan-kerajinan tangan, seperti songket dan kain jumputan. Di kawasan Jembatan Ampera, Anda juga dapat menyewa perahu motor dengan antara Rp 50 ribu hingga Rp 100 ribu rupiah, tergantung kelihaian Anda dalam melakukan tawar menawar.

Demikianlah Objek Wisata Alam Indonesia tentang Wisata Sungai Musi Palembang pada kesempatan kali ini.

> TEMPAT WISATA SUNGAI MUSI

CONTOH KARYA ILMIAH TENTANG EFEK RUMAH KACA

Kali ini admin akan membagikan artikel mengenai Contoh Karya Ilmiah/Makalah tentang Efek Rumah Kaca. Semoga artikel ini, dapat di gunakan dengan sebaik-baiknya. Dan semoga artikel ini dapat membantu mengerjakan Tugas Sekolah atau Kuliah teman-teman semuanya.
 
 
BAB I
PENDAHULUAN
 
 
A.    Latar Belakang
       Sejak jaman purbakala sampai sekarang,manusia mengalami perubahan yang sangat pesat seiring berjalannya waktu,ilmu pengetahuan juga ikut berkembang.Manusia sebagai mahluk ciptaan Allah yang sangat sempurna mempunyai tugas untuk menjaga dan tetap melestarikan alam agar tidak punah.
        Keadaan permukaan bumi saat ini mengalami peningkatan suhu yang tidak seperti biasanya yang terjadi selama 100 tahun terakhir ini,salah satu penyebabnya adalah rumah kaca yang biasanya di gunakan untuk mengembangkan bunga,buah dan lain sebagainya,rumah kaca ini melindungi tanaman dari panas dan dingin secara berlebih sehingga banyak industri - industri menggunakan metode ini untuk meningkatkan penghasilannya.Tanpa mereka pikirkan seberapa besar dampak yang ditimbulkan dari perbuatannya itu.
       Pemanasan global atau lebih sering disebut Global Warming tengah jadi buah bibir masyarakat saat ini khususnya di Indonesia dikarenakan di Indonesia juga mengalami perubahan iklim yang tidak menentu akibat dari pemanasan global tersebut.Banyak  dampak yang akan ditimbulkan oleh terjadinya pemanasan global.
 
       Oleh karena itu dalam karya ilmiah ini akan dibahas lebih lanjut tentang adakah efek yang di berikan oleh rumah kaca terhadap pemanasan global ? Apakah dampak yang ditimbulkan dari terjadinya pemanasan global ? Hasil- hasil penelitian yang dilakukan para ilmuwan tentang efek rumah kaca terhadap pemanasan global? Dan upaya apa yang sebaiknya dilakukan untuk mengurangi terjadinya pemanasan global ini.Dengan mencari Informasi dan data-data yang dapat dipercaya melalui media seperti buku dan inernet.
                                                                                        
B.Rumusan Masalah
 
        Adapun rumasan masalah dalam penelitian ini yaitu :
1.      Adakah efek dari rumah kaca terhadap pemanasan global ?
2.      Apa penyebab rumah kaca dapat mengakibatkan pemanasan global?
3.      Upaya apa yang dapat di lakukan untuk mengurangi terjadinya pemanasan global di Bumi ?
 
C. Tujuan Penelitian
       Tujuan penelitian yang dilakukan yaitu mencakup :
1.        Untuk mengetahui apakah ada efek dari rumah kaca terhadap pemanasan global.
2.        Untuk mengetahui penyebab dari efek rumah kaca sehingga mengakibatkan pamanasan global.
3.        Untuk mengetahui upaya apa yang dapat di lakukan untuk mengurangi terjadinya pemasan global di Bumi.
 
D. Manfaat Penelitian
 
1.        Bagi penulis,penelitian ini dapat memberikan pemahaman yang lebih luas mengenai semua yang berhubungan dengan efek rumah kaca terhadap pemanasan global.
2.        Bagi Pembaca,penelitian ini dapat memberikan pengetahuan mengenai efek rumah kaca terhadap pemananasan global.
3.         Bagi Para Ilmuwan yang meneliti,Penelitian ini dapat memberikan tambahan data-data atau pernyataan-pernyataan mengenai efek rumah kaca terhadap pemanasan global.
 
 
BAB II
LANDASAN TEORI
 
A. Pengertian-pengertian
     1. Efek Rumah Kaca
       Efek rumah kaca adalah proses penghangatan bumi karena adanya penyerapan sinar infra merah.Tanpa adanya efek ini suhu bumi akan turun sekitar 30° C.Sinar yang datang ke bumi sebanya 30 % dipantulkan dan sisanya digunakan untuk menghangatkan daratan,lautan dan atmosfer.efek rumah kaca terjadi karena bumi relatif transparan terhadap sinar tampak,namun sangat menyerap sinar infra merah sehingga bumi akan menghangat karena adanya penyerapan energi tersebut. Efek rumah kaca juga merupakan efek alamiah untuk menjaga temperature  permukaan Bumi pada suhu normal sekitar 30°C,atau kalau tidak ada ,maka tentu saja tidak akan ada kehidupan dimuka Bumi ini.
        
2.Pemanasan Global
        Pemanasan global yaitu bertambah panasnya atmosfer Bumi serta samudra selama beberapa dekade terakhir.Menurut penelitian suhu bumidi ketahui meningkat 0,6 kurang lebih 0,2 °C selama 20 Abad terakhir.
(Nur Farida 2009 :53) Mengatakan, bahwa pemanasan global yaitu disebut juga global warming ,istilah tersebut digunakan untuk menggambarkan fenomena peningkatan suhu rata – rata atmosfer Bumi.Peningkatan suhu Bumi ini dianggap akan secara permanen mengubah iklim Bumi selamanya.
 
B. Dampak dari terjadinya Pemanasan Global
 
 
Editor by : OSHIMURA

- See more at: http://pbsstainmetro.blogspot.com/2014/02/contoh-karya-ilmiah-tentang-bahaya-efek.html#sthash.8nHxf7N3.dpuf

> CONTOH KARYA ILMIAH TENTANG EFEK RUMAH KACA

IKANG FAUZI DIRAWAT DI RS THAMRIN

saco-indonesia.com, Artis senior Ikang Fauzi tadi pagi telah mengalami kecelakaan di kilometer 84 Tol Cipularang, Jawa Barat. Mobil yang telah ditumpanginya menabrak truk hingga mengakibatkan bagian depan mobil Ikang Fauzi ringsek.

Menurut Humas RS Thamrin, Purwakarta, dokter Nesya, Ikang Fauzi tiba di RS Thamrin Purwakarta sekitar pukul 9.45 WIB pagi . "Sampai rumah sakit sekitar pukul 9.45 WIB," kata dokter Nesya, Kamis (23/1).

Menurutnya, Ikang yang telah mengalami kecelakaan di kilometer 84 Tol Cipularang telah dibawa ke RS Thamrin oleh ambulans Jasa Marga. Mengenai kondisi suami Marissa Haque tersebut, Nesya juga mengatakan saat ini sudah stabil.

"Pada saat datang ada keluhan di bagian dada dan pinggang. Pada pemeriksaan alhamdulillah gak ada yang patah sehingga saat ini di UGD sedang observasi atau istirahat dan diinfus," imbuh dokter Nesya.

Hingga saat ini, imbuhnya, belum ada keluarga yang datang untuk menjenguk. "Keluarga sampai saat ini belum datang, dan insya Allah belum ada rencana rawat inap. Mungkin nanti bisa dibawa pulang kalau keluarganya sudah datang," ujarnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> IKANG FAUZI DIRAWAT DI RS THAMRIN

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

Advertisement

Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

Advertisement

But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

Advertisement

Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

Continue reading the main story
 

Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

Continue reading the main story

But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Take the Money and Run

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89

Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

Advertisement

Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

harga paket umrah april di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Cakung jakarta
biaya umroh mei di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga paket umrah januari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Klender jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga paket umroh ramadhan bekasi timur
promo umrah ramadhan di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh januari di Kebon Pala jakarta
biaya umrah juni di Pekayon jakarta
harga paket umrah maret di Cawang jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun di Cawang jakarta
promo umrah februari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
promo umrah desember di Dukuh jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pondok Kopi jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan bekasi selatan
promo umrah mei di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah maret di Ciracas jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket promo umrah februari bogor
harga paket berangkat umrah desember di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
harga berangkat umroh januari di Makasar jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun di Penggilingan jakarta
paket umroh juni di Penggilingan jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Setu jakarta
paket umrah desember di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo umroh februari di Setu jakarta
biaya paket umrah awal tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga umrah januari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo umroh januari di Cakung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Balekambang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket promo umroh desember di Cipinang Muara jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Klender jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Cipinang Muara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
promo umrah desember di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april di Matraman jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umrah mei di Klender jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah februari di Cipayung jakarta
paket umrah ramadhan di Ujung Menteng jakarta
harga berangkat umroh februari di Pekayon jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cipayung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Cililitan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh januari di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo umrah maret di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
harga paket umroh juni umrohdepag.com
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Pondok Bambu jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah januari di Kampung Melayu jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan di Ceger jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Susukan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah april bekasi utara
paket umroh ramadhan di Setu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Pisangan Baru jakarta
harga berangkat umroh awal tahun di Penggilingan jakarta
biaya paket umrah juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
promo umroh mei di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh april di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga berangkat umroh ramadhan di Dukuh jakarta
harga umroh desember di Ciracas jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Kebon Manggis jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah mei di Malaka Sari jakarta
harga umrah februari di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
promo berangkat umrah april di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan di Cipayung jakarta
promo berangkat umrah desember di Dukuh jakarta
harga umrah desember di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya paket umrah akhir tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya umroh desember bekasi selatan
biaya paket berangkat umroh april di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga paket umroh juni di Kalisari jakarta
paket umrah april di Batuampar jakarta
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket umroh februari di Pinang Ranti jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun bekasi barat
biaya paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kampung Baru jakarta
harga berangkat umroh april di Pulogebang jakarta
paket berangkat umrah januari di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo umroh maret di Jati jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta