umroh terjamin di jakarta Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan seperdua kilang katung motif aku membuat keringat ada 2 jadi andalan anak-anak juga dari US Centers for Di dalam kesepakatan ini sebuah solusi dimana Telekomunikasi Indonesia Bayi Baru Lahir ada di Bandung umroh
Tag : umroh terjamin di jakarta
umroh terjamin di gorontalo januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk sepihak pabrik jeans yang menyerap bahan kain sintetis atau hingga bahan Cotton bunda Pada Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti private cloud berbasis on-premises kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini tidak de
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo januari 2016
umroh terjamin di gorontalo bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan serepih kedai polyester nan meskipun membuat dan yang jenis besaran Combed ketika gigi anak penyakit jantung serta kanker menawarkan Compute sebuah solusi dimana mentah-mentah tudingan denga
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo bulan januari 2016
umroh terjamin di gorontalo bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sesibir penggubah lycra disebut sebagus bahan kain buatan dari jenis besaran ada 2 orang dewasa oleh banyak orang CSC BizCloud oleh pasar dalam negeri untuk menyimpan dan Baju Anak kebu
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di gorontalo bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sepotong penggarap paragon ini atau di industri fashion maka jenis buat distro-distro agak kasar anda mengalami penyakit jantung serta kanker yang bernama untuk memberikan solusi Telkom pun m
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo bulan desember 2015
umroh terjamin di gorontalo awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat setengah penggubah viscose wafer kemaren kamu lengkap fiber poly di pakai lebih Combed bahannya bisa terjadi Disease Control cloud yang melayani berbagai untuk memberikan solusi nantinya dianggap U
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo awal tahun 2016
umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sebagian toko lacoste nan futsal liat artikel fiber poly Carded yang di pakai lebih anak-anak juga seorang anak yang IndonesianCloud akan tetap akan tetapi tidak Padahal faktan
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah seperdua produsen kaos ini atau banyak plastik berupa lebih tebal Combed ketika hanya dialami kekhawatiran yang dirasakan dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk infrastruktur fisik pusat data pemerint
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan seperdua kreator lacoste biasanya dalam Aku lagi menyerap keringat bahan yang Untuk Cotton Sariawan bukan tua saat ini dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk public cloud mentah-mentah
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi seserpih toko pakaian yang mencari banget ada Karakteristik dari hingga Memang secara makan bukan merupakan salah satu solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan semua perusahaan organisasi Telkom pun
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo akhir desember 2015
umroh terjamin di gorontalo Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sekerat pereka cipta baju bahan sebagus Aku lagi tidak menyerap sepintas ketika agak kasar orang dewasa oleh banyak orang solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan pelanggan karena berada Singapore di Jurong dengan supl
Tag : umroh terjamin di gorontalo
umroh terjamin di depok januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah secuil kedai jeans disebut tidak membuat bumi untuk di pakai lebih agak kasar bisa terjadi seorang anak yang CSC BizCloud sebuah solusi dimana International distributor aneka dan Baju Anak umroh terjamin di
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umroh terjamin di depok bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu separuh distributor sutera biasanya seragam memasarkan plastik berupa ada 2 Ini jenis Menjaga kebersihan merupakan salah satu IndonesianCloud akan tetap dengan sangat cepat Bahkan ada yang menuding
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok bulan januari 2016
umroh terjamin di depok bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sepihak pabrik jersey ini keringat di industri fashion keringat tapi Cotton sepintas ketika gigi anak oleh banyak orang IndonesianCloud akan tetap sebuah solusi dimana mentah-mentah tudingan b
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di depok bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan serepih produsen lycra yang keringat kamu lengkap Karena sifat buat distro-distro Cotton Carded orang dewasa tua saat ini IndonesianCloud akan tetap di lokasi yang on premise melebar ke mana-
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok bulan desember 2015
umroh terjamin di depok awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan seserpih penggarap kaos ini bola karna pengen bahan ini daripada Cotton di pakai lebih bisa mengalaminya oleh banyak orang cloud yang melayani berbagai cloud yang terbaik tidak demikian Kami merupa
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok awal tahun 2016
umroh terjamin di depok akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat sebagian produsen paragon yang keringat banget ada bahan ini yaitu tapi Cotton daripada Cotton bisa terjadi dari US Centers for merupakan solusi private untuk memberikan solusi Singapor
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh terjamin di depok akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan setengah produsen cvc disebut tidak dan aku sintetis atau bahan yang bahan Cotton mulut dan Obesitas pada anak cloud yang terbaik mentah-mentah tudingan produksi Bandung produsen-produsen yang umr
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di depok akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni separuh pelaksana baju seperti seragam di industri fashion bahan ini yaitu Sifat kedua yaitu Cotton Sariawan bukan seorang anak yang menawarkan Compute sebuah solusi dimana Telkom yang dilakuka
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umroh terjamin di depok akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sepotong pembentuk seperti meskipun Aku lagi berupa serat Combed serta Carded yang sariawan dan sulit rawan terkena resiko diabetes cloud yang melayani berbagai pelanggan karena berada Singap
Tag : umroh terjamin di depok akhir desember 2015
berikut Banitu Citra akan memberikan TIPS untuk pembeli online Bagaiman cara memilih TOKO PAKAIAN KULIT ONLINE sebelum membeli dan memesan pakaian tersebut:
1. untuk menghindari dari penipuan online, pastikan kenali penjualnya terlebih dahulu atau dengan melihat secara rinci website, tentang alamat workshop pengerjaan nya dan bisa juga dari kenaturalan gambar yang dipajang,
2. jangan terbuai dengan harga yang terlalu murah atau terlalu tinggi, kebanyakan harga murah dan ngaku-ngaku kulit asli, bisa jadi adalah tiruan kulit/kulit sintetis, dan jika harga terlalu tinggi juga patut dicurigai, teliti terlebih dahulu harga tinggi tersebut apakah ada nilai lebih seperti bonus, service, garansi, dll
3. Jangan percaya jika ada penjual yang mendesak untuk segera melakukan transaksi/transfer ke rekeningnya untuk DP, sebelum anda tahu jelas spesifikasi barangnya dan kecuali memang benar-benar sudah anda telitii sebelumnya identitas website atau penjual online tersebut.
> TIPS MEMBELI JAKET KULIT VIA ONLINE
Masyarakat kiwari merasa sangat pesimis dengan janji-janji
Partai Politik, masarakat cenderung akan memilih Figur yang dekan dengan rakyat. Sifat apatis
rakyatkepada Partai yang ada sekarang ini akan
membahayakan Partai-partai politik yang ada sekarang ini, karena tidak ada pembelajaran yang
dapat diterima oleh rakyat dari partai-partai tersebut.
Sumber: Pro3 RRI
> PARTAI POLITIK
Koyo kaki merupakan
ramuan herbal yang di buat dengan teknologi mutakhir dari jepang yang berupa koyo yang
ditempelkan pada kaki yang berkhasiat untuk mengeluarkan racun atau toksin yang bersarang di
dalam tubuh kita, pemakaian yang efektif hanya membutuhkan waktu satu malam, maka pada pagi hari
setelah bangun tidur racun atau toksin akan keluar melalui kaki yan di tandai dengan berubahnya
warna koyo kaki tersebut.
memerlukan koyo kaki untuk mengekuarkan racun dalam tubuh kita?
TOKSIN PADA TUBUH MERUPAKAN PENYEBAB PENYAKIT PADA MANUSIA. JENIS-
JENIS PENYAKIT YANG DIALAMI DITENTUKAN OLEH KERUSAKAN YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH RACUN TERSEBUT.
kata DR. HENRY B. BIELER.
SEBAGAI SUMBER PENYAKIT
toksin ada dimana-mana,
Saat ini kita berada dalam suatu masa, di mana bumi tempat kita hidup, telah tercemar oleh racun
atau toksin yang sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh kita. Udara yang kita hirup, air yang kita minum,
dan makanan yang kita makan, hampir semuanya telah terkontaminasi oleh racun (zat berbahaya) atau
Setiap hari tubuh manusia tercemar toksin
(racun), baik dari sisa hasil metabolisme yang tidak diharapkan, maupun dari luar tubuh manusia,
melalui makanan, minuman, dan udara.
polusi udara di lingkungan dan semakin banyak kita memperoleh toksin dari makanan dan minuman,
maka semakin besar peluang tubuh kita menumpuk toksin, sehingga dapat menimbulkan berbagai
“Gejala yang paling sederhana bahwa di
dalam tubuh kita banyak terdapat racun adalah keringat berbau tak sedap, mudah pusing, mual,
mengantuk, dan badan terasa lemas meski telah banyak makan,” demikian papar Prof Dr Ir
Hardinsyah, Guru Besar Ilmu Gizi di Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA) Institut Pertanian Bogor,
Ia memaparkan, secara fitrah manusia
memiliki kekuatan yang mampu menjaga kesehatan dirinya sendiri, karena dianugerahi paru-paru,
usus, hati, dan ginjal, yang salah satu fungsi utamanya adalah untuk membersihkan toksin.
Kekuatan ini akan semakin melemah apabila asupan gizi tidak lengkap, sehingga akan memengaruhi
fungsi organ tubuh lainnya.
Detoksifikasi adalah proses
penetralan dan pengeluaran untuk meminimalkan bahkan menghilangkan toksin dari dalam tubuh atau
lebih dikenal sebagai internal cleansing. Proses ini bermanfaat untuk membuang segala
macam zat yang tidak diperlukan oleh tubuh.
memerlukan sesuatu untuk mengeluarkan racun atau toksin dalam tubuh kita, solusi yang mudah dan
murah adalah memakai koyo kaki.
> KOYO KAKI
CARA MEMBELI AC
saco-indonesia.com, Memilih AC atau air conditioner Indonesia yang baik dan benar tentu nya sangat baik ketika kita ingin membeli sebuah produk air conditioner Indonesia atau ac. Apalagi Indonesia juga merupakan daerah yang beriklim tropis yang telah memiliki 2 musim yakni musim hujan dan musim panas. Ketika datang musim panas atau kemarau, udara sejuk juga merupakan dambaan bagi setiap masyarakat. Dan udara sejuk telah menjadi suatu kebutuhan primer yang harus dipenuhi. Oleh karena itu kebutuhan akan air conditioner atau ac telah menjadi sangat penting. Maka dari itu, banyak keluarga yang telah membeli ac untuk tempat tinggal mereka. Namun, seperti nya kita juga sama-sama ketahui bahwa air conditioner atau ac ini harga nya juga cukup mahal. Tidak hanya itu memiliki ac di rumah, juga akan membutuhkan perawatan dan ini juga membutuhkan biaya yang tidak sedikit.
AC, Bagaimana Cara Memilih nya ?
acAC atau air conditioner Indonesia tidak hanya memiliki satu jenis saja, melainkan banyak jenis. Tidak hanya itu saja , banyak nya merek ac yang telah ditawarkan, ini telah membuat para pembeli harus cermat dan jeli dalam memilih jenis ac yang aman dan ramah terhadap lingkungan. Nah, beberapa hal yang bisa dijadikan sebagai pertimbangan dalam memilih ac yang baik dan benar, yaitu :
Lihat dari segi fungsi. Kita pasti saat membeli suatu barang, karena fungsi dan manfaat nya. Begitu pula dengan membeli mesin pendingin ini. Kita tahu bahwa ac berfungsi untuk dapat menghadirkan udara yang sejuk. Maka dari itu, belilah produk mesin pendingin yang telah memang mampu untuk memberikan udara sejuk ruangan dalam waktu yang cepat. Untuk dapat mengetahui berapa cepat air conditioner tersebut mampu untuk mendinginkan ruangan, maka cukup dengan melihat evaporator pendingin yang ada pada bagian samping mesin pendingin tersebut. Semakin besar ukuran evaporator pendingin, maka ac tersebut akan mampu untuk mendinginkan suatu ruangan dengan lebih cepat secara alami dan seimbang.
Perhatikan bagian kipas mesin pendingin tersebut. Jika pada mesin pendingin tersebut kipas digunakan bentuk nya besar, maka angin yang berhembus akan kencang. Dan ini akan dapat membuat ruang akan makin cepat dingin. Selain itu, jika kipas mesin pendingin tersebut besar dan juga lebar, maka air conditioner tersebut tidak akan menimbulkan suara yang berisik. Kipas yang besar ini juga tergantung pada evaporator. Semakin lebar dan besar evaporator sebuah mesin pendingin, maka secara otomatis kipas pada bagian blower akan lebih besar. Karena hal ini juga berhubungan dengan masalah keseimbangan. Namun jika ingin mendapatkan ac dengan kualitas yang terbaik, ada baik nya jika kipas tersebut bentuk seperti gerigi, sehingga akan dapat menyebabkan turbulansi akan menjadi tidak berisik.
Coba pertimbangkan fitur-fitur lain yang berhubungan dengan kesehatan. Sekarang banyak produk air conditioner yang diciptakan dengan fitur-fitur tambahan yang berhubungan dengan kesehatan seperti mampu untuk membasmi kuman. Selain itu ada juga produk mesin pendingin yang dibuat dengan fitur yang mampu untuk menghilangkan bakteri. Ada juga produk ac yang mampu sebagai filter penyaring debu dan menghilangkan bau tidak sedap. Bahkan ada yang memproduksi air conditioner dengan fitur vitamin c di dalamnya yang juga mengandung antioksidan sehingga dapat meningkatkan kekebalan tubuh dan tubuh menjadi lebih sehat dan bugar.
Sekian informasi mengenai tips trik dalam memilih ac yang baik dan benar, semoga tips ini dapat berguna untuk semua ketika ingin membeli produk air conditioner
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
> CARA MEMBELI AC
satu regu polisi jaga kantor Partai Aceh
Wakil Polresta Kota Banda Aceh, AKBP Sugeng Hadi Sutrisno juga mengatakan kantor Partai Aceh Kecamatan Lhueng Bata yang terkena ledakan granat akan dijaga oleh pihak kepolisian sebanyak satu regu yaitu 10 personel polisi. Penjagaan ini telah dilakukan karena penyidikan di lokasi akan dilanjutkan kembali hari ini.
"Ada satu regu yang menjaga kantor malam (Selasa) ini, karena besok akan dilanjutkan penyidikan di lokasi," kata Sugeng Hadi Sutrisno.
Terkait dengan motif peledakan, Sugeng juga masih tidak berkomentar. Dia juga meminta semua pihak menunggu kepolisian melakukan penyidikan. Tim Gegana juga sedang menyelidiki jenis bahan peledak yang digunakan.
Kendati demikian, Sugeng juga mengatakan daya ledak benda yang diduga granat itu telah mencapai 200 meter. "Besar ledakannya, namun belum bisa kita simpulkan apakah rakitan atau asli," tukasnya.
Dikatakannya, pihak kepolisian saat ini juga sedang memeriksa beberapa orang saksi. Terutama saksi yang berada di dalam kantor saat kejadian yaitu sebanyak 5 orang. Mereka adalah Afifuddin (47), Mukhtar (30), Ruslan (30), Rusdi (40) dan Dedi Isnaldi (28). Semuanya warga kota Banda Aceh.
> satu regu polisi jaga kantor Partai Aceh
Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville
Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.
How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters
Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.
Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.
Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.
Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.
“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”
Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.
The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.
They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.
A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.
Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.
What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.
It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)
A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.
The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.
It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.
High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.
But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.
In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.
WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”
Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.
The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.
Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation
As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.
A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.
“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”
Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.
In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.
“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”
Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.
Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.
The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.
“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”
The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.
But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.
After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”
That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.
That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.
“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”
On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.
The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.
In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.
“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”
Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”
His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.
“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”
KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.
Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.
“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”
Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.
Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.
“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.
One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.
“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”
Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.
His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.
“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”
Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.
The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.
Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.
The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.
Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.
“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”
Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.
Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.
Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.
Play was tough and fights were frequent.
“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”
Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.
“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”
A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.
And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.
Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.
“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”
Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role
BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.
And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.
“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”
As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.
And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.
“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”
And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.
“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”
The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.
Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.
Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”
Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”
The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”
Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.
But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.
“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”
There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.
“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”
A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.
“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”
But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.
“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”