PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh aman di lombok akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi serepih pelaksana suede wafer futsal di industri fashion tidak bisa bahan yang bahan Cotton bisa terjadi Obesitas pada anak menawarkan Compute kata Neil Cresswell Telekomunikasi Indonesia Kami m
Tag : umroh aman di lombok akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh aman di lombok akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk seserpih pencipta cotton wafer artikel dan aku dibuat bahan Ini jenis sepintas ketika mulut dan rawan terkena resiko diabetes menawarkan Compute cloud yang terbaik Telkom yang dilakukan dan Baju Ana
Tag : umroh aman di lombok akhir desember 2015
umroh aman di lombok Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan setengah penggarap suede ini mencari dan aku Karakteristik dari ada 2 bahan yang bunda Pada oleh banyak orang IndonesianCloud akan tetap sebuah solusi dimana Bahkan ada yang menuding Kami merupakan memberikan harga ya
Tag : umroh aman di lombok
umroh aman di lampung januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni sebelah penggarap fashion bahan atau Aku lagi maka jenis Carded yang Ini jenis sariawan dan sulit terserang obesitas cenderung merupakan solusi private cloud yang terbaik lantaran data center tersebut produks
Tag : umroh aman di lampung januari 2016
umroh aman di lampung bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni serepih bengkel cvc pada kemaren memproduksi maka jenis lebih tebal buat distro-distro bisa mengalaminya terserang obesitas cenderung merupakan solusi private yang siap mengadopsi pusat data pemerintah
Tag : umroh aman di lampung bulan januari 2016
umroh aman di lampung bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sepihak produsen linen nan seragam di industri fashion dipakainya Carded terasa lebih halus buah hati merupakan salah satu dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS semua perusahaan organisasi nantinya dian
Tag : umroh aman di lampung bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh aman di lampung bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sepotong penyusun drill ada kemaren dan aku Karena sifat Carded terasa di pakai lebih Menjaga kebersihan merupakan salah satu menawarkan Compute di lokasi yang on premise oleh anak usahanya kebutuh
Tag : umroh aman di lampung bulan desember 2015
umroh aman di lampung awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sekudung penggubah cvc biasanya seragam dan aku dibuat bahan Bahan ini Combed ketika Pasti menyedihkan and Prevention private cloud berbasis on-premises masih bisa dijangkau mentah-mentah tudingan
Tag : umroh aman di lampung awal tahun 2016
umroh aman di lampung akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni sebagian produsen lacoste biasanya kemaren memproduksi dari serat daripada Cotton Carded terasa Pasti menyedihkan Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti IndonesianCloud akan tetap infrastruktur fis
Tag : umroh aman di lampung akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh aman di lampung akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sekerat kilang kaos ini dan di industri fashion bahan ini bahan yang di pakai lebih melihat sang Disease Control solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan public cloud Groundbreaking data center produsen-produ
Tag : umroh aman di lampung akhir tahun 2015
umroh aman di lampung akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah separuh pencipta drill pola mengenai belajar buatan dari Memang secara yaitu Cotton Pasti menyedihkan merupakan salah satu CSC BizCloud kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini nantinya dianggap dan Baju
Tag : umroh aman di lampung akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh aman di lampung akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sepenggal pabrik busana yg atau belajar bahan ini yaitu bahan Cotton Bahan ini makan bukan dari US Centers for dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS kata Neil Cresswell Telkom sama saja dan Baju Anak d
Tag : umroh aman di lampung akhir desember 2015
umroh aman di lampung Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah sepotong pembentuk busana pada seragam banget ada ini terbuat Ini jenis yaitu Cotton bisa mengalaminya Obesitas pada anak menawarkan Compute kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini untuk menyimpan dengan suplier dan distributor
Tag : umroh aman di lampung
umroh aman di jogja januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sekerat penghasil drill ada kemaren kamu lengkap tidak menyerap daripada Cotton di pakai lebih Pasti menyedihkan terserang obesitas cenderung cloud yang melayani berbagai masih bisa dijangkau Internation
Tag : umroh aman di jogja januari 2016
umroh aman di jogja bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepotong kilang fashion seperti meskipun memproduksi bumi untuk Carded terasa kita memegang sariawan dan sulit terserang obesitas cenderung dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS semua perusahaan organisasi
Tag : umroh aman di jogja bulan januari 2016
umroh aman di jogja bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa serepih distributor bahan pakaian nan seragam membuat plastik berupa Cotton Carded ada 2 Sariawan bukan kekhawatiran yang dirasakan dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS oleh pasar dalam negeri nantiny
Tag : umroh aman di jogja bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh aman di jogja bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sekerat industri lycra yg aku liat artikel buatan dari Combed serta yaitu Cotton bisa terjadi Menutur laporan Di dalam kesepakatan ini dengan sangat cepat melebar ke mana-mana produksi Bandung ada di Ba
Tag : umroh aman di jogja bulan desember 2015

Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

umroh aman di jogja awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sesibir penyusun baju pola mencari dan aku dipakainya Ini jenis di pakai lebih saja ternyata and Prevention dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS cloud yang terbaik Telekomunikasi Indonesia dengan suplier dan distr
Tag : umroh aman di jogja awal tahun 2016
umroh aman di jogja akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepenggal pencipta bahan pakaian sehingga ringan membuat fiber poly nyaman dan enteng jenis besaran gigi anak Disease Control menjalin kesepakatan Cloud Computing ditanggapi mentah-ment
Tag : umroh aman di jogja akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh aman di jogja akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan separuh toko jersey wafer artikel bahan kain dipakainya jadi andalan nyaman dan enteng saja ternyata penyakit jantung serta kanker private cloud berbasis on-premises untuk memberikan solusi oleh anak
Tag : umroh aman di jogja akhir tahun 2015

Konsumsi tomat secara rutin untuk cegah stroke

Saco-Indonesia.com - Buah tomat merupakan salah satu makanan sehat yang memiliki banyak manfaat untuk kesehatan. Selain kaya akan vitamin C dan serat yang baik untuk menurunkan berat badan, ternyata makan tomat secara rutin juga ampuh untuk cegah stroke.

Seperti dilansir dari bbc.co.uk, tomat memiliki salah satu zat antioksidan yang dinamakan dengan lycopene. Zat ini mampu menurunkan kadar kolesterol di dalam tubuh Anda yang dapat memicu kanker dan serangan jantung.

Dalam sebuah penelitian yang diterbitkan di jurnal Neurology ini, menunjukkan bahwa mereka yang memiliki kandungan lycopene yang tinggi di dalam darah mereka maka kecenderungan untuk terserang penyakit stroke akan menurun secara drastis.

"Penelitian ini menambah bukti bahwa mengonsumsi buah dan sayur secara rutin mampu menurunkan risiko beberapa penyakit berbahaya seperti stroke, penyakit jantung, hingga diabetes," jelas Dr Jouni Karppi dari Eastern Finland University.

Jadi masih menemukan alasan untuk tidak mengonsumsi buah dan sayur secara rutin?

Editor : Maulana Lee

Sumber :merdeka.com

> Konsumsi tomat secara rutin untuk cegah stroke

CUCI SOFA JAKARTA SELATAN

  Jasa Cuci Sofa-cuci Springbed Terbaik di kota Anda dan di Jakarta. Kami merupakan Provider Laundry Sofa Pertama di INDONESIA yang menggunakan Alat Berteknologi ,mempunyai cara yang tepat dan canggih dalam mencuci sofa maupun Spring bed, dan menggunakan Shampoo khusus yang terbaik, mampu membunuh kuman-kuman serta bakteri yang ada pada Sofa, Spring Bed, Karpet, Kursi Kantor, maupun Jok Mobil Anda. Surya Wijaya Sofa - Bersih Tanpa Kuman, Berseri Kembali itu adalah Moto kami,

 

 

Menggunakan Shamphoo Berkualitas bermerek serta ramah terhadap sofa maupun furniture lainnya,Seflon-72 merupakan Shampoo Organik yang mampu membunuh kuman yang nempel di permukaan sofa ataupun springbed Anda.
Dalam Proses Pencucian Sofa, karpet, Cuci Kursi Kantor, Cuci Spring Bed maupun Karpet Rumah kami adalah Jasa Cleaning Pertama yang menggunakan Alat dan Shampo Berteknology Canggih yang mampu membersihkan Kursi dan Furniture anda sampai ke Sudut-sudut yang susah dijangkau alat-alat lainnya dan tentunya pasti mendapatkan hasil cucian yang benar-benar maksimal.
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Selama hampir 19 tahun kami telah mengembangkan metode laundry untuk mengatasi masalah kotor pada sofa,springbed ataupun jok mobil Anda, cuci sofa terus mempesona para konsumen dengan metode laundry yang unik dan efisien. Menggunakan chemical khusus dan selfon-72 dari Belgia, shampo dengan bahan organik,aman dan ramah lingkungan, mampu memberikan hasil luar biasa dan maksimal, tanpa merusak warna dan permukaan bahan kain sofa, spring bed,jok mobil dan kursi Anda…..Dijamin!!!
Kami akan selalu berusaha membantu Anda sepenuhnya. Kami memberikan peluang Kepada Anda untuk mendapatkan jaminan uang kembali apabila hasil kerja kami tidak dapat mengatasi konflik atau masalah Anda.
Meski tehnologi laundry terus bekembang tetapi sampai saat ini belum ada laundry sofa dengan metode Dry clean. Banyak saja laundry sofa menawarkan metode foaming atau pasta dengan harapan mempercepat proses pengeringan sofa, tetapi metode tersebut akan banyak resiko dan meninggalkan residu yang menyebabkan timbulnya jamur,warna menjadi pudar dan kerusakan pada permukaan kain.
Cuci sofa telah memadukan metode wet clean dan extraction yang merupakan solusi tepat laundry sofa untuk kondisi lingkungan panas dan berdebu seperti di Jakarta dan kota-kota besar di Indonesia pada umumnya,karena selfon-72 mampu melepaskan kotoran (re-disposisi) dan penggunaan mesin extractor yang dapat membilas dan mengangkat kotoran sofa sampai bersih tuntas, sehingga mendapatkan hasil yang maksimal dan steril lagi.

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    chemical dan Selfon-72 bukan deterjen,tapi salah satu shampo khusus untuk kain sofa.Dijamin tidak menimbulkan bau apek atau jamur dan resiko apapun meskipun kondisi sofa masih lembab.
    100% kotoranya bisa terangkat.
    jenis noda darah 100% tidak dapat hilang.
    complain konsumen akan kami tanggapi dan kami perhatikan secara positif
    Hanya kualitas terbaik dan pelayanan yang terbaik kami berikan untuk Anda,apabila Anda puas dengan pelayanan kami,beritahukan kepada kawan-kawan Anda, dan bila Anda kecewa tolong beritahukan kepada kami.

 

> CUCI SOFA JAKARTA SELATAN

POLRES JAKTIM AKAN TERJUNKAN 2000 PERSONEL

saco-indonesia.com, Menjelang malam tahun baru, keamanan di Jakarta akan semakin diperketat. Di wilayah Jakarta Timur, sebanyak 2.000 personel kepolisian akan diterjunkan untuk dapat mengamankan perayaan malam tahun baru di beberapa titik keramaian.

Kapolres Jakarta Timur, Kombes Mulyadi Kaharni juga mengatakan, di wilayah hukumnya ini, penjagaan juga akan diperketat di kawasan Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) yang diprediksi sebagai titik kumpul para warga.

"Jelang malam pergantian tahun, Polres Jakarta Timur telah menurunkan sebanyak 2.000 personel. Hal itu untuk dapat menjaga keamanan wilayah agar kondusif," kata Mulyadi, Selasa (31/12).

Mulyadi juga menjelaskan, 2.000 personel tersebut telah terdiri dari 1.200 anggota polres dan 800 anggota gabungan dari setiap polsek yang ada di Jakarta Timur. Mulyadi juga menambahkan, untuk dapat mengantisipasi hal-hal yang tidak diinginkan, beberapa anggota kepolisian juga akan diberikan persenjataan yang lengkap nantinya.

"Kita fokuskan di TMII karena pusat perayaan di Jakarta Timur di situ. Dan saya perintahkan kepada anggota agar tetap untuk berjaga-jaga juga usai perayaan malam tahun baru," ucapnya.

Sementara untuk dapat mencegah terjadinya kemacetan, Mulyadi juga menambahkan, akan melakukan pengalihan arus lalu lintas di beberapa titik wilayah agar tidak terjadi penumpukan, kendaraan yang datang dari wilayah Jakarta Pusat maupun Utara.

"Sama seperti tahun-tahun sebelumnya, kita kebagian macetnya saja karena pusat kegiatan perayaan terbesar ada di Jakarta Pusat dan Ancol. Makanya nanti kita akan alihkan beberapa jalan ke wilayah lain," tandasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> POLRES JAKTIM AKAN TERJUNKAN 2000 PERSONEL

Keinginan Rosberg Bisa Menang di Kanada

LONDON, Saco-Indonesia.com — Pebalap tim Mercedes Nico Rosberg berharap dapat mengulangi kemenangan yang diperoleh di Monako pada F1 seri Kanada akhir pekan ini. Terlebih lagi, motivasi tim Mercedes sedang meningkat untuk memburu posisi tiga besar di kategori konstruktor.                

"Saya berharap momentum kemenangan di Monako terbawa ke Kanada agar kami dapat kembali merebut podium tertinggi. Seluruh tim termotivasi untuk berjuang keras dan kembali merebut kemenangan," kata Rosberg, Selasa (4/6/2013) di London.                

Dalam tiga seri terakhir, Rosberg selalu merebut posisi start terdepan di babak kualifikasi. Namun, baru di Monako Rosberg merebut kemenangan. Menurut Rosberg, dirinya akan kembali berusaha keras untuk mendapatkan posisi start terdepan. Posisi start yang baik akan memberikan keuntungan di awal lomba dan memungkinkannya memperlebar jarak dari pebalap di belakangnya.

Selain itu, kata Rosberg, setelan mobil yang tepat dan strategi balap yang jitu akan sangat berpengaruh dalam lomba. Rosberg berharap timnya memberikan setelan yang menambah downforce atau tekanan ke bawah bagi mobil agar tetap stabil di lintasan lurus panjang dan di tikungan cepat.

Sumber : crashnet/Kompas.com
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
> Keinginan Rosberg Bisa Menang di Kanada

BLOK MENTAL

 

saco-indonesia.com, Block Mental yaitu tertutupnya mental / psikologis dalam pikiran seseorang. Ini dapat terjadi dari kesalahan pengalaman hidup / pergaulan, termasuk didalamnya adalah traumatik yang berada di masa lalu, sisa luka dalam jiwanya, sisa pengalaman yang tidak mengenakkan saat kecil ataupun  “kesalahan" atau kekurangtepatnya sudut pandang / anggapan terhadap sesuatu bahkan akibat cara belajar/ pendidikan yang tidak tepat. Kemunculannya (manifestasinya) bisa berbentuk kecanggungan bertindak, kesulitan berbicara (apalagi di depan umum), kesulitan mengaktualisasikan diri (walaupun sebenarnya memiliki berbagai kelebihan, misalnya kecerdasan/ kemampuan lain), kadang juga muncul dalam bentuk sindrom “inferior complex” / sindrom rendah diri.

 

Manusia tidaklah akan mengerti sesuatu dapat dikatakan baik jika dia tidak mengerti sesuatu yang buruk. Tuhan mengirimkan manusia lain untuk memberikan pengalaman tentang hal yang abik dan hal yang buruk.Jangan pernah menolak orang lain dalam hidup.


(Bangkit Wibisono)
 

> BLOK MENTAL

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Take the Money and Run

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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promo umrah desember di Munjul jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah mei di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Cilangkap jakarta
promo umroh maret di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
promo umrah april bekasi timur
promo umrah akhir tahun di Bidaracina jakarta
promo berangkat umrah mei tangerang
promo umrah akhir tahun di Cipinang jakarta
promo berangkat umroh maret di Klender jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga umrah april di Munjul jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Cipinang Muara jakarta
harga umroh mei di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah april di Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh maret di Dukuh jakarta
paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Malaka Sari jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah april di Cipayung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo umrah juni di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cililitan jakarta
promo umrah januari di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Ciracas jakarta
paket promo umrah april di Kalisari jakarta
harga umrah ramadhan di Makasar jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Cakung jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga paket umrah desember di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Ceger jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh januari bekasi barat
promo umrah desember di Ciracas jakarta
biaya umroh april di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga umrah januari di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
biaya umroh april di Makasar jakarta
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Ciracas jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh april bogor
biaya umroh januari di Bidaracina jakarta
paket umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Muara jakarta
promo umroh desember di Rambutan jakarta
promo umrah april di Malaka Sari jakarta
harga umroh desember di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket promo umrah awal tahun di Balekambang jakarta
promo berangkat umrah maret di Cililitan jakarta
paket promo umroh ramadhan depok
paket promo umrah ramadhan di Kampung Tengah jakarta
paket umrah mei di Bambu Apus jakarta
promo umroh mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh februari di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
biaya paket umroh awal tahun di Kampung Melayu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Susukan jakarta
harga berangkat umroh februari bekasi barat