Tag : umroh berkualitas bekasi barat januari 2016
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Selama ini Anda telah mengenal kafein identik dengan kopi. Padahal kafein sendiri adalah senyawa kimia yang telah ditemukan di dalam suatu jenis makanan atau minuman tertentu, termasuk terdapat di dalam kopi.
Banyak kontroversi yang berkembang tentang baik dan buruknya kafein untuk kesehatan. Oleh karena itu sebelum mengonsumsinya, inilah hal yang harus Anda ketahui tentang kafein :
Kebutuhan kafein bervariasi
Setiap orang telah memiliki kondisi kesehatan dan kebutuhan nutrisi yang berbeda. Begitu pula dengan kebutuhan akan kafein. Terutama kebutuhan akan kafein didasarkan pada keadaan metabolisme tubuh, apakah Anda sedang mengonsumsi obat-obatan atau tidak, tingkat insomnia, dan apakah Anda sedang mengandung atau tidak.
Kopi berkafein dan non kafein
Setiap kopi telah mengandung kafein. Namun ada jenis kopi decaf, yaitu kopi yang sudah dihilangkan sebagian besar kafeinnya.
Kafein di dalam kopi
Setiap jenis dan olahan kopi juga mengandung kafein yang sangat berbeda-beda di dalamnya. Secangkir kopi hitam telah memiliki kandungan kafein yang lebih banyak jika dibandingkan dengan kopi susu atau kopi instan lainnya.
Kafein di dalam minuman berenergi
kafein yang ada di dalam kopi bermanfaat untuk dapat membuat tubuh Anda lebih awas. Namun sebuah penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa kafein yang ada di dalam minuman berenergi justru dapat meningkatkan berat badan sebanyak 29%.
Kafein mengurangi risiko alzheimer
Dalam sebuah penelitian yang berbasis di Florida, peneliti menemukan bahwa mereka yang mengonsumsi kopi sebanyak 3 cangkir sehari mampu terhindar dari risiko penyakit alzheimer.
Kafein menyembuhkan peradangan
Penelitian lain yang dilakukan di University of Illinois menunjukkan bahwa kafein mampu menghalangi peradangan otak yang dapat menyebabkan penyakit otak.
Efek kafein pada kehamilan
Ibu hamil sebaiknya mengurangi konsumsi kafein. Sebab beberapa penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa ibu hamil yang mengonsumsi kafein secara berlebihan akan berisiko melahirkan bayi prematur, termasuk gangguan pertumbuhan buah hati di masa mendatang.
Pengaruh kafein pada pria dan wanita
Kafein mempunyai pengaruh yang berbeda-beda pada pria dan wanita. Konsumsi kafein akan menurunkan risiko diabetes pada pria, sementara pada wanita justru yang terjadi adalah sebaliknya.
Kafein juga mampu memerangi kanker. Wanita yang minum 4 cangkir kopi sehari akan mengalami penurunan risiko kanker endometrium sebanyak 25%.
Itulah beberapa hal tentang kafein yang selama ini jarang terungkap. Kafein dapat bermanfaat positif dan negatif pada tubuh Anda tergantung bagaimana Anda mengonsumsinya.
Sewa mobil dan supir jakarta Demi untuk memenuhi banyak permintaan penawaran sewa mobil dijakarta dan berpartisipasi dalam wirausaha jasa penyewaan rental sewa mobil jakarta , kami telah memperluas jangkauan dengan menyewakan mobil sekalian supir dijakarta. kami tergerak untuk memberikan kemudahan, keamanan dan kenyamanan untuk para konsumen yang ingin menyewa mobil dan supir rental mobil kami. kami memiliki armada terbaru yang berusia diatas tahun 2010, antara lain
kami juga akan selalu berusaha menjadi yang terbaik untuk urusan jasa penyewaan mobil yang berkualitas sekalian supir di jakarta, sehingga banyak klien-klien kami yang berasal dari berbagai perusahaan dan orang-orang penting.
Keunggulan sewa mobil dan supir dari kami adalah
1. Driver yang hapal jalan dalam kota dan luar kota jakarta
2. Menggunakan skill safety driving
3. Ramah dalam melayani para customer
4. Armada sewa mobil terbaru
5. Penggantian mobil sewa jika terjadi sesuatu atau masalah dalam perjalanan
Untuk dari itu kami selalu menerima kritik dan saran untuk kenyamanan dan kepuasan anda karna tak ada manusia yang bersifat sempurna. jangan ragu untuk menghubungi kami untuk sewa mobil dan supir di jakarta> SEWA MOBIL DAN SUPIR
saco-indonesia.com, Warga etnis Tionghoa selama ini juga banyak dikenal sebagai pedagang alias pengusaha. Namun, sejarah juga telah mencatat etnis Tionghoa sangat literer atau menggeluti dunia tulis menulis.
Dalam 'Sejarah Pers Awal dan Kebangkitan Kesadaran Ke-Indonesia-an' (2003), telah disebutkan warga Tionghoa juga merupakan pelanggan surat kabar sejak akhir abad ke XIX. Meski tidak sebanyak orang-orang Indo Eropa, sejumlah peranakan Tionghoa pun juga mulai menjadi pemimpin surat kabar berbahasa Melayu Rendah di Batavia.
Seiring dengan perkembangan pendidikan di kalangan mereka, peranakan Tionghoa juga mulai banyak menerbitkan dan telah memimpin berbagai penerbitan dengan bahasa Melayu Rendah pada awal abad XX. Bahasa Melayu Rendah juga bisa diartikan sebagai bahasa pergaulan (Melayu-Pasar) yang telah banyak digunakan peranakan Tionghoa di Jawa karena tidak lagi menguasai bahasa leluhur mereka.
Karena begitu besar sumbangan dan peranan orang-orang peranakan Tionghoa dalam pengembangan bahasa Melayu Rendah, bahasa ini akhirnya telah disebut sebagai Melayu-Tionghoa. Pada awal abad XX, sejumlah penerbitan pers berbahasa Melayu Tionghoa mulai bermunculan, seperti Sin Po, Keng Po, dan Perniagaan atau Siang Po di Batavia.
Di Surabaya juga ada Suara Poeblik, Pewarta Soerabaya dan Sin Tit Po. Ada juga Warna Warta dan Djawa Tengah (Semarang), Sin Bin (Bandung), Li Po (Sukabumi), Tjin Po dan Pelita Andalas (Medan), Sinar Sumatera dan Radio (Padang), dan Han Po (Palembang).
Surat kabar Sin Po telah memiliki catatan khusus dalam sejarah pergerakan Indonesia. Media itulah yang pertama kali telah menyebarluaskan syair 'Indonesia Raya' beserta partiturnya pada 10 November 1928, atau dua pekan setelah dikumandangkan pertama kali secara instrumentalia oleh WR Supratman pada Kongres Pemuda II, 28 Oktober 1928.
Di koran itu, WR Supratman juga menulis dengan jelas 'lagu kebangsaan' di bawah judul 'Indonesia'. Benny Setiono dalam 'Tionghoa Dalam Pusaran Politik' (2008) menulis, Sin Po yang berarti Surat Kabar Baru, telah mencetak 5.000 eksemplar teks lagu Indonesia Raya dan telah dihadiahkan kepada WR Supratman, yang bekerja sebagai reporter di mingguan itu sejak 1925. Oleh WR Supratman, kemudian ribuan koran itu dijual.
Sin Po, yang pertama kali terbit sebagai mingguan pada 1 Oktober 1910, juga merupakan surat kabar yang telah mempelopori penggunaan kata 'Indonesia' menggantikan 'Nederlandsch-Indie', 'Hindia-Nerderlandsch', atau 'Hindia Olanda'. Harian ini juga yang menghapus penggunaan kata 'inlander' dari semua penerbitannya karena dirasa sebagai penghinaan oleh rakyat Indonesia.
Kemudian, sebagai balas budi, pers Indonesia juga mengganti sebutan 'Cina' dengan 'Tionghoa' dalam semua penerbitannya. Dalam percakapan sehari-hari, Soekarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo kemudian juga telah mengganti kata 'Cina' dengan kata 'Tionghoa'.
Koran Sin Po saat itu memang telah memiliki pandangan politik yang pro-nasionalis Tiongkok. Namun karena alasan itu pulalah, yakni berdasar ajaran Dr Sun Yat Sen, Sin Po juga telah mendukung perjuangan rakyat Indonesia untuk dapat memperoleh kemerdekaan. Dalam San Min Chu I, Sun Yat Sen menulis perkembangan kemerdekaan Tiongkok tidak akan sempurna selama bangsa-bangsa di Asia belum merdeka.
Gerakan pro-nasionalis Tiongkok yang didukung Sin Po akhirnya sirna seiring dengan kemerdekaan bangsa Indonesia 17 Agustus 1945, yang juga banyak didukung tokoh-tokoh Tionghoa. Kemerdekaan itu kini sudah menjadi milik bangsa Indonesia, termasuk di dalamnya keturunan Tionghoa.
Editor : Dian Sukmawati> PERS TIONGHOA DALAM PERGERAKAN INDONESIA
saco-indonesia.com, PENYAKIT ginjal merupakan penyakit yang harus dihindari oleh semua orang. Pasalnya, penyakit ini juga sulit dideteksi dan sering mengancam nyawa seseorang.
Penyakit ginjal juga dikenal sebagai 'silent disease ' karena sering tak ada tanda-tanda peringatan. Jika tak terdeteksi, hal itu juga hanya akan memperburuk kondisinya dari waktu ke waktu. Bentuk yang lebih kronis penyakit ginjal ialah hilangnya secara progresif fungsi ginjal dalam tubuh selama periode bulan atau tahun. Seringkali, penyakit ini juga hanya didiagnosis dari hasil dari skrining untuk dapat diketahui berada di tingkat mana risiko tinggi penyakit ginjalnya.
Oleh sebab itu, menjadi hal penting bila Anda mengetahui tanda-tanda peringatan agar bisa terhindar dari risiko itu. Namun tak perlu cemas, sebab Kanchan Naikawadi, Direktur, Indus Kesehatan Plus (P) Ltd, telah memberitahu kita tentang berbagai gejala ginjal pada orang dewasa yang tak boleh diabaikan.
Gejala-gejala penyakit ginjal biasanya tak spesifik dan berkaitan dengan gaya hidup, yang bisa dapat menyebabkan orang down atau terpuruk. Umumnya, gejala terkait muncul ketika penyakit sudah parah.
Banyak gejala seperti yang ada di bawah ini yang bisa dihindari jika pengobatan dimulai pada tahap awal. Bahkan, jika tak ada gejala, bagi penderita diabetes, tekanan darah tinggi, riwayat keluarga penyakit ginjal atau di atas usia 60 harus melakukan skirining karena mereka adalah kelompok-kelompok berisiko tinggi. Seperti dalam kasus penderita diabetes, statistik telah menunjukkan bahwa sekira 40 persen cenderung mengembangkan penyakit ginjal kronis.
Untuk dapat mengetahui lebih lanjut, apa sajakah gejala itu. Berikut, Kanchan, akan memaparkan penjelasannya .
Nafsu makan kurang dan penurunan berat badan
Kedua gejala itu juga merupakan gejala paling umum yang sering diabaikan sebagai sesuatu yang serius. Umumnya, kesibukan kita saat bekerja juga merupakan pemicu nafsu makan memburuk, apalagi saat sedang serius menapaki tangga karier Anda. Sementara penururnan berat badan, sayangnya banyak orang yang "welcome" terhadap gejala ini. Padahal kondisi itu adalah dimana penyakit ginjal itu dimulai. Tubuh harus membutuhkan nutrisi dan energi untuk dapat melakukan bahkan tugas yang paling dasar setiap hari, dimana bersumber dari asupan makanan. Karenaya, sangat penting untuk dapat menjaga asupan makanan yang Anda masukkan ke dalam tubuh.
Kaki bengkak, tangan atau pada pergelangan kaki
Ginjal yang seharusnya untuk dapat menghilangkan limbah dan cairan ekstra dalam tubuh. Ketika ginjal gagal untuk bisa menjalankan fungsi mereka, cairan ekstra dalam tubuh Anda akan mulai membangun ruang dan dapat menyebabkan pembengkakan di wajah, tangan, kaki, kaki atau pergelangan kaki karena ada peningkatan retensi air.
Sesak napas dan kelelahan
Selain penyaringan toksin dari tubuh, ginjal juga menghasilkan hormon yang disebut eritropoietin. Hormon-hormon ini yang membantu membawa oksigen sel darah merah ke seluruh tubuh. Bila ginjal berhenti berfungsi, mereka mungkin tak menghasilkan erythropoietin cukup sehingga lebih sedikit sel darah merah untuk bisa membawa oksigen dalam tubuh dan menyebabkan otot-otot dan otak mudah keletihan dengan sangat cepat. Kondisi ini disebut anemia. Biasanya, orang merasa tenaganya terkuras tanpa melakukan apa-apa. Selain itu, ia juga akan sulit menarik napasnya.
> GEJALA PENYAKIT GINJAL
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
JAKARTA, Saco- Indoensia.com — Para pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Minggu untuk sementara tetap diperbolehkan berjualan di kawasan tersebut pada waktu-waktu yang telah ditetapkan. Kelonggaran ini diberikan karena belum ada lokasi binaan untuk menampung semua PKL.
Wakil Wali Kota Jakarta Selatan Rustam Effendi mengatakan, jumlah PKL di ruas Jalan Raya Ragunan, Pasar Minggu, itu mencapai ribuan orang. "Kalau dari pagi hingga sore ada sekitar 500 PKL, sementara kalau dari malam hingga pagi jumlah PKL yang berdagang di bahu jalan dan trotoar bertambah empat kali lipat," ujar Wakil Wali Kota Jakarta Selatan Rustam Effendi, Senin (3/6/2013).
Meski demikian, Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta belum memiliki lokasi baru untuk menampung semua pedagang tersebut. Oleh karena itu, Rustam mengatakan bahwa para pedagang masih diberi kesempatan untuk berjualan mulai dari pukul 20.00 hingga pukul 05.00 WIB. Adapun mulai pukul 05.00 hingga pukul 20.00 WIB, petugas dari Dinas Perhubungan DKI dan Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja akan melakukan penjagaan agar pedagang tidak berjualan hingga ke jalan raya.
"Kita akan lakukan penjagaan dilakukan dari pukul 05.00 sampai 20.00 agar 500 pedagang tetap berada di lokasi binaan dan tidak keluar ke jalan lagi," kata Rustam.
Sekitar 750 aparat gabungan dari Dishub DKI Jakarta, Satpol PP, kepolisian, Dinas Kebersihan DKI, serta PD Pasar Jaya melakukan penertiban terhadap PKL yang biasa berjualan di Jalan Raya Ragunan, Senin pagi. Sekitar 500 lapak ditertibkan dalam proses penertiban tersebut. Selain penertiban PKL, dilakukan pula penataan alur lalu lintas untuk trayek angkutan umum menuju ke terminal untuk mengurai kemacetan di Pasar Minggu.
Sumber : Tribunnews/Kompas.com
Editor :Liwon Maulana> Belum Ada Tempat Pengganti, PKL Masih Boleh Berjualan di Pasar Minggu
Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”ay 4, 2015 â€˜Game of Thronesâ€™ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.
And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.
“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”
As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.
And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.
“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”
And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.
“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”
The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.
Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.
Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”
Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”
The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”
Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.
But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.
“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”
There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.
“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”
A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.
“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”
But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.
“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of todayVerne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of â€˜Stand by Me,â€™ Dies at 76 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.
“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.
From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.
One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.
“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”
Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.
His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.
“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”
Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.
The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.
Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.
The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.
Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.
“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”
Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.
Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.
Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.
Play was tough and fights were frequent.
“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”
Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.
“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”
A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.
And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.
Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.
“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in MichaelTake the Money and Run | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmenâ€™s â€˜Louie Louieâ€™, Dies at 71 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.
The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.
But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.
“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.
A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.
In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.
Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.
“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”
He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.
“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.
The book is to be released next week.
Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.
Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.
Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.
But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.
The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.
But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.
Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.
“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.
Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.
Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”
Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.
Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.
“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in â€˜The Great War of Our Timeâ€™ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.
Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.
Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.
Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.
“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”
Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.
The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.
They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.
A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.
Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.
What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.
It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)
A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.
The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.
It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.
High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.
But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.
In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.